Maureen Junker-Kenny,
Religion and Public Reason. A Comparison of the Positions of John Rawls, Jurgen Habermas and Paul Ricoeur,
De Gruyter, 2014.



1 Public reason as neutral mediator in pluralist democracies in John Rawls's political philosophy
1.1 The normative framework and its two methods of justification
1.1.1 Justice as founded by contract and as found in reflected cultural standards
1.1.2 Assessments of the contract foundation: The circularity of the device of the "original position"
1.1.3 Beyond a constructed procedure: Convictions formed in religious and cultural history in "reflective equilibrium" with principles
1.1.4 The composition of a contextual foundation in political liberalism
1.2 Idea of the good" and "sense of justice" as elements of moral personhood in Theory of Justice
1.2.1 Rationality as a good and its realization in a life plan
1.2.2 Comparison and critique of Rawls's concept of the good of self-respect
1.2.3 "The sense of justice"
1.2.4 The "sense of justice" compared with principled autonomy in Kant
1.2.5 Natural contingency and self-respect
1.3 Society as a cooperative venture for mutual advantage
1.3.1 From a system of benefits and burdens to a "social union of social unions"
1.3.2 Withdrawing from metaphysical assumptions: Classical republicanism versus civic humanism
1.3.3 Lack of "natural assets" as grounds for intervention?
1.3.4 Sources and significance of plurality in Theory of Justice and in Political Liberalism
1.4 Democratic life and public reason
1.4.1 The search for a neutral ground between irreconcilable worldviews
1.4.2 The spheres of democratic life
1.5 "Public reason" and practical reason: Critiques from a Kantian perspective
1.5.1 Distinct starting points: "Public reason" between theory of law and morality
1.5.2 An alternative guiding principle for the constitutional order: Human dignity
1.5.3 The Law of Peoples: Transnational scope for human rights and justice?
1.5.4 The public and the private use of practical reason
1.6 Religion in the limits of Rawls's concept of public reason
1.6.1 A philosophical approach to God: Kant's "highest good" and the antinomy of practical reason
1.6.2 A proviso and translations in due course -- how attractive for religions?
1.6.3 The sources of public reason -- free-standing, or indebted to a history of formation?

Introduction to Parts Two and Three
2 Practical reason in the public sphere: Jurgen Habermas's rehabilitation of religion as a resource within the project of modernity
2.1 The normative framework: The foundations of discourse ethics
2.1.1 The basis of communicative rationality: Reason as embodied in language
2.1.2 The competence of philosophy
2.1.3 Postmetaphysical thinking reconfirmed
2.2 An anthropology of the lifeworld
2.2.1 The interactive constitution of self-consciousness
2.2.2 Pragmatic reconstruction of normative implications, or moral recognition of the other?
2.2.3 Between a reservior of shared meanings and postconventional morality: the role of the lifeworld
2.2.4 Religion after the abysses of reason
2.3 The public use of reason in the democratic public sphere
2.3.1 The moral core of public reason
2.3.2 Public reason as generated in the practical discourse citizens
2.3.3 The basis of justicication: Moral, ethical, or civic?
2.3.4 From religion to public reason: Habermas's comments on continuities in Rawls's thinking form its theological origins
2.4 Religion as a resource for the project of modernity
2.4.1 The persistence of religion and the task of reconstructing the genealogy of human reflection in religions and philosophies
2.4.2 The heuristic and semantic potential of religions in the pathologies of rationalization
2.4.3 Theological critiques: Religion in the limits of postmetaphysical reason

3 Religions as co-foundational of the public space in Paul Ricoeur's hermeneutical philosophy
3.1 The normative framework: A phenomenology of desiring, capable and fallible human beings
3.1.1 Theory of action based on "desire and effort to exist"
3.1.2 Self-understanding as a result of appropriation
3.1.3 Symbols and conflicts of interpretation
3.1.4 Cultural uniqueness, utopia and ideology
3.1.5 A hermeneutics of the self as idem and ipse, and as self and other
3.1.6 Insights from Ricoeur's philosophical anthropology as a framework for ethics
3.2 The self and its agency: Three types of ethical reflection
3.2.1 A phenomenological reconstruction of the three demensions of ethics
3.2.2 Differences to Rawls and Habermas in the outline of ethics
3.2.3 Conclusions from perspectives on ethics
3.3 Co-founding the public space: Types of authority, legitimation, and citizens' convictions
3.3.1 Democracy between foundational myths and self-authorization
3.3.2 Domination and obedience, or initiatives in plural spheres of negotiations?
3.4 Religion and agency: Fallibility, hope, and translation
3.4.1 Fallibility and freedom in religious experience and in philosophical reflection
3.4.2 A dialectic that gives a place to hope: Kant's concept of the "highest good"
3.4.3 Translations, particularity and plurality of religious traditions

4 Conclusion of the comparison of the three positions
4.1 Reason in its three dimensions
4.1.1 Theoretical reason
4.1.2 Practical reason
4.1.3 Judgement
4.2 Religion and public reason
4.2.1 Three views of religion in relation to reason
4.2.2 Co-founders of the public sphere

Person Index
Subject Index




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