キリスト教は市場経済を擁護するのか

「キリスト教と経済」は、聖書解釈との連関で多くの議論が展開しつつある分野である。聖書学の専門家だけでなく、むしろ、キリスト教信仰をもった(あるいは聖書に関心のある)経済学の専門研究者も、積極的に発言しつつあり、まだまだ十分に説得的な成果は少ないものの、まさに学際的な研究領域といって過言ではない。
 今回紹介する文献は、こうした動向を反映した一冊である。

Ronald J. Sider,
Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger. Moving from Affluence to Generosity,
Thomas Nelson, 2005.

Preface to the Fifth Edition
Acknowledgements

Part One: Poor Lazarus and Rich Christians
1. A Billion Hungry Neighbors
New Economic Divisions in the World / Uneven Distribution ? Famine Redefined / Poverty's Children / Making Progress / Population / Limits to Growth? / The Future and Our Response

2. The Affluent Minority
Promises, Promises / Where Did It All Begin? / How Affluent Are We? / Poverty as $50,000 a Year? / How Generous Are We? / Rationalizing Our Affluence

Part Two: A Biblical Perspective on the Poor and Possessions
3. God and the Poor
Pivotal Points of Revelation History / God Identifies with the Poor / God's Special Instruments / Why Does God Cast Down the Rich? / God's Concern and Ours / Is God on the Side of the Poor?

4. Economic Fellowship and Economic Justice
Capital in an Agricultural Society / The Year of Jubilee/ /The Sabbatical Year / Laws on Tithing and Gleaning / Models to Follow and Avoid / Jesus' New Community / The Jerusalem Model / Economic Koinonia / How Then Shall We Live?

5. Thinking Biblically About Property and Possessions
Private Property / The Danger of Riches / The Ring and the Beloved / Righteousness and Riches / Carefree Living

6. Social Evil: Sin Embedded in Societal Systems
The Old Testament / The New Testament / God's Response

Part Three: What Causes Poverty?
7. Poverty's Complex Causes
Sinful Personal Choices / Unbiblical Worldviews / Disasters / Lack of Technology / Great Inequalities of Power / Western Colonialism

8. Structural Injustice Today
Evaluating Market Economics / International Trade / The International Debt Crisis / Destroying the Environment and the Poor / How Are We Harming God's Creation and the Poor? / Eating Food from Hugry Nations / Multinational Corporations in Developing Countries / Discrimination and War / Repentance

Part Four: Implementation
9. Toward a Simpler Lifestyle: The Graduated Tithe and Other Modest Proposals
The God of North America / Some Examples / The Graduated Tithe / Communal Living / Guidelines for Giving / Some Practical Suggestions / How Generous Are We? / The Sabbath and Our Lifestyles / A Call for Loyalty

10. Watching Over One Another in Love
A Sociological Perspective / New Patterns of Christian Community / A Congregation of House Churches / The Individual House Church / "All Things in Common" / Glass Cathedrals in an Age of Hunger? / The Triple Five Plan

11. Making the World More Fair
Ambulance Drivers or Tunnel Builders? / Who Will Be Helped? ? A Change in Foreign Policy / Social Change and Conversion / Correcting Weaknesses of Market Economies / Making International Trade More Fair / Reducing Unmanageable Debt / Preserving the Earth and Empowering the Poor / Does Foreign Aid Help? / Bombs, Bread, and Illusions / Organizations That Make a Difference / Let Justice Ring

Epilogue
Appendix A: Works Cited
Appendix B: Organizations
Endnotes
Index of Persons and Topics

 第五版への序文の冒頭部分を引用してみます。

The World has changed, and so have I. In the almost thirty years since I wrote Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger, amazing changes have occurred in the world.
Communism has collapsed. Expanding market economies and new technologies have reduced poverty. As we moved into the twenty-first century, it is clear that "democratic capitalism" has won the major economic/political debate of the last one hundred years. Communism's state ownership and central planning have proved not to work; they are inefficient and totalitarian.
・・・・
My thinking has also changed. I've learned more about economics. And I Have continued to study the Scriptures.
When the choice is communism or democratic capitalism, I support democratic government and market economies. That does not mean, however, that the Bible prescribes either democracy or markets. Nor does it mean ignoring the problems and injustices of today's market-oriented economies. (xiii)
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 これまで本ブログは、2013年度より2015年度まで科学研究費の交付(代表者・芦名定道)を受けて行われた研究を中心に、キリスト教思想研究に関わる情報を発信してきました。しかし、2016年度からの新しい研究プロジェクトに関連した事柄は、主に別のブログで取り扱うことにし、本ブログでは、これ以外の記事について継続的に内容を更新します(新しい科研に関するものも、記事の継続性の観点から一部はこちらでも扱います)。
 なお、本ブログにもしばしばコメントが寄せられますが、多忙のため、原則として応答その他の取り扱いはいたしません。

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